Based in Bronx, New York City, The New York Yankees is an American professional baseball team. The team competes in Major League Baseball or MLB. The Yankees have emerged as one of the two Major League clubs in New York.
The team was founded in Baltimore Maryland in the year 1901. Previously known as Orioles, the team was managed and owned by John McGraw. Owners and managers of the American League voted to move the team to New York in the year 1903. They initially wanted it to be based in New York but since New York Giants were already established there, they were put in Baltimore. However, it changed in the year 1903 when Orioles moved to New York and came to be known as the New York Highlanders. The Highlanders’s first stadium was located at Hilltop Park in northern Manhattan. The name changed again during the year 1913 to Yankees when they moved into their new stadium, the Polo Grounds.
The Yankees expanded their payroll in the beginning of 1920 and received a number of great players in particular from the Red Sox organization. They were trading players for a great amount of money and the biggest acquisition came in the form of Babe Ruth. The change led to a curse for the Red Sox team which lasted for nearly 86 years. It also sparked a major rivalry between the two American League teams. It was also known as the curse of the Bambino. The Yankees received a new home, Yankee Stadium, in the year 1923. They also won the World Series in their first year in the park. They also featured a lineup popularly known as the ‘Murderers’ Row’ in the year 1927. There were six batters in the lineup who caused fear into the heart of every opposing pitcher. It included Mark Koenig, Earle Combs, Lou Gehrig, Babe Ruth, Tony Lazzeri and Bob Meusel. The Yankees remained an invincible team during this era and won 20 World Series titles between the years 1923 to 1962. This era witnessed great players including Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Babe Ruth, Whitey Ford, Phil Rizzuto, Yogi Berra, and Lou Gehrig. And, till date, these players are household names.
The success streak of Yankees went down significantly post the 1962 season. The team finished in the last place in the American League in the year 1966 and next-to-last in the following year in 1967. The major fall was due to new ownership in the front office and the introduction of the major league amateur draft which meant that Yankees could no longer sign whatever player they wished to sign.
However, things started changing in the year 1973 when George Steinbrenner bought the team. He had a steely resolve to both attain success and renovate the stadium. The team moved to Shea Stadium for two seasons. Former player Billy Martin was hired as the manager in the year 1975 and in 1976 the team reached the World Series but lost. The Yankees were then led to back-to-back World Series championships in 1977 and 1978 by players such as Reggie Jackson and Thurman Munson. After this, the Yankees went up and down year by year. The Yankees received a new manager in the year 2008 and also got new stars in the year 2009. The Yankees won the World Series in 2009, boosting their total World Series victories to 27.
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